Ubiquitous Computing and Communication Journal
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Title: Introducing SOFT MAC
Authors: Dr. Ghassan Abdalla, Dr. Mosa Abu Rgheff, Dr. Sidi-Mohammed Senouci
The IEEE is working on a MAC standard (802.11p) for VANET based on 802.11e. Although the access function of 802.11e supports QoS by using different counters for different QoS requirements, it reduces to a best effort service and low performance when the number of nodes increases. Some applications of VANET, particularly safety related, have strict QoS requirements that cannot be guaranteed by 802.11p especially in heavy traffic conditions. To resolve these issues, we propose a Space-Orthogonal Frequency-Time medium access control (SOFT MAC) protocol that can support QoS requirements and is compatible with 802.11 standard. The proposed MAC allocates guaranteed transmission slots via reservation and also has a random access period for best effort service. Reservations are allocated in a distributed manner without the need for a basestation or a cluster head. In this paper we analyse and discuss in details the rules and algorithms that govern SOFT MAC protocol. The analysis of SOFT MAC proves it achieves higher saturation throughput than 802.11. The improvement in throughput depends on the maximum number of reservation slots in SOFT MAC.